Orig. pub. Raleigh 1920. Reprinted 1973. Print on Demand Edition 2010. (vi), 434 pp., map, index. Item #122
This is an account of the efforts of Baron Christoph von Graffenried, along with a partner, to settle a colony of German Palatines and Swiss in 1710 on the tongue of land he acquired between the Trent and Neuse rivers. It would be called New Bern in honor of his native home in Bern, Switzerland. The first one hundred pages of text is a substantive historical introduction by Editor Todd. That essay is followed by von Graffenried's own account in German with an English translation and parts of his French text and translation that differ from the German. The colonists could not have come at a more unfortunate time and von Graffenried's utmost efforts could do little to relieve the situation. The province was in the midst of internal strife and this trouble was barely settled before the Tuscarora Indian War broke out. Finally, in desperation, von Graffenried went to Virginia to try to arrange for their resettlement on the Potomac. He had earlier expected to make his fortune from reported veins of silver ore in that area. His negotiations failed; and, broken in fortune and spirit, he returned to Europe and his colony soon ceased to exist as a distinct settlement. By 1723, however, having recovered somewhat from the disaster of the Indian War, New Bern was incorporated, its boundaries enlarged, it soon became the largest town, and would become the colonial capital of North Carolina.